High Altitude Seriousness | Better Know It Better

 

 

 

High Altitude Seriousness

 

    You    Get    

ecstasy    joy    fulfillment    accomplishment

fun     enjoyment      memories

 

 

You Fight

Dizziness          Headache       Stomach Problems   Nausea          AMS        Loss of Appetite    HAPE    Cough    Confusions         Ataxia     Cold

Breathlessness   Fatigue      HACE      DEATH

 

 

  1. What is high altitude
  2. What are the effects of high altitude on humans?
  3. What is Acute Mountain Sickness?
  4. How serious can High Altitude be?
  5. What Is High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE) ?
  6. What Is High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) ?
  7. How do a human body adapt to high altitude naturally?
  8. 3 rules of Acclimatization
  9. What is Diamox? How does it help?
  10. What is Periodic Breathing?
  11. Does sleeping pills help?

 


 

Mountains rise up form the ground and the highest mountain peak in our world is Mount Everest, which is 8850 meters higher than the sea level. However, the conditions on the top of Mt. Everest is not the same as that at our home. Its extreme and is difficult for human beings to survive for a long time there. Apart from the visible differences in the terrain and geographic features, the major 'invisible difference' is the effects of the high altitude on human body. That is what makes it the 'first challenge of a mountaineer'. Be it for achieving the summit or just for the love of it, human beings have been challenging it are successfully achieving it.


Perhaps its the nature of us humans to accept challenges and to see the World beyond the challenges... The love of the mountains is such a sport that makes us venture outdoors, as the mountains wont be coming to us anyways ;-) In dong so, a mountaineer has to overcome lots of challenges of harsh and extreme weather, rough and volatile terrain, living and sustaining out of one's comfort zone, physical demands and the most important of them all - The Chemistry Of High Altitude.

 

 


 

What is high altitude?

 

Mountaineering involves scaling altitudes and due to the change in atmospheric pressure with altitude ( inversely proportional ), our body's default environment changes. We need to adapt to those changes in environment physically and mentally, within our time frame, to achieve our objectives in the mountains. This has raised the importance of studying the high altitude and its effects on the human body, so that we can find a formula to break the challenge. This study classifies the High Altitude according to its magnitude. The most common classification is - 

8000 ft - 12000 ft: High Altitude
12000 ft - 18000 ft: Very High Altitude
18000 ft and above: Extremely High Altitude

26000 ft and above: Death Zone

 

 

 


 

What are the effects of high altitude on humans?

As we know that with increase in altitude, the atmospheric pressure decreases. The concentration of oxygen at sea level is 21% approximately and the mercuric pressure is approximately 760 mmHg.  Our body is very well adapted to these conditions. However, with increase in altitude, the atmospheric pressure decreases which gives more space for the air molecules to spread wide apart from each other. So, even if the concentration of oxygen in the atmosphere remains constant, our oxygen molecule intake per breath decreases. Just to imagine, if we had been breathing 100 oxygen molecules per breath, at 3000 meters we would be breathing in about 80 oxygen molecules per breath.

 

That's unusual for our body which detects the change and responds to the change by increasing in our breathing rate ( hypoxia) to meet the oxygen deficiency. We call it 'breathlessness' in laymen terms. We try to breathe more to consume more air. On the other hand, the body increases the Hemoglobin count in our blood which are the oxygen carriers, to hold more oxygen molecules in our blood. This process thickens our blood and hence our heart now needs to pump thicker blood to the extreme organs, which further results in increased pressure on our heart. So a slight increase in blood pressure and pulse rate in the high altitude is our body's reaction to respond to the change environment, and is usually considered normal as you cannot do much about it.

 

In order to breathe more oxygen from the air by increasing the breathe rate, we also loose Carbon Dioxide at a faster rate due to exhalation. The concentration of CO2 goes below normal due to it. Excessive hypoxia makes our blood alkaline and our kidneys react immediately by eliminating bicarbonates with the urine to restore the blood pH level. That's why we urinate more in High Altitude.

 

At around 5000 meters, the pressure is approximately half compared to that at sea level and at the summit of Mt. Everest, its one-third. Our body is not just used to this deficiency of oxygen in our blood, hence we face several problems which clubbed together is called Acute Mountain Sickness ( AMS) or simply Altitude Sickness.

 

 

 

 


 

What is Acute Mountain Sickness?

As described above, AMS is caused by our body's inability or slowness to adapt to the high altitude. Our body's chemistry, unable to cope up to the harsh conditions, start to deteriorate and fail. It initially rings the bell by showing various symptoms ( single or combined ) like headache, dizziness, fatigue, breathlessness, nausea, feeling vomitish, etc. These symptoms clubbed together is called Acute Mountain Sickness.

Symptoms: headache, dizziness, fatigue, breathlessness, nausea, feeling vomitish, loss of appetite

Treatment: resolves on its own after spending some time in that altitude.  Mild analgesic or ibubrufen may be given for headache. Hydrate the victim and recheck after some time. Do not exert physically and rest in camp. Keep a strict watch on the victim. Restrict further ascent until the symptoms vanish, else descend if symptoms persist.  You may put the patient on Acetazolomide ( Diamox - 125mg twice a day post food, if required 250 mg twice a day) for the night and 
if symptoms still persist, descend is the only solution. Do not force food. Let hunger come naturally. Its very unusual for our body to not feel hungry at that altitude where our metabolism increases and we exhaust easily. The most important decision to keep in mind is NOT TO CLIMB UP WITH THE SYMPTOMS

 

 


 

How serious can High Altitude be?

Usually, AMS heals on its own when ample amount of time is spent at that altitude. However, further ascend should not be allowed if the symptoms do not resolve. AMS should always be seen as a dangerous alarm for two of the deadliest and fatal conditions at High Altitude - High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)  and High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)

If AMS alarm is not heard, you might be taking yourself to your death bed high up in the mountains.

 

 


 

What Is High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE) ?

HAPE is a condition in which the pressure in our pulmonary artery increase so much that it ruptures the week capillaries, specially that of our lungs which is badly Hypoxic. This results in leakage of fluids in our lungs and we have difficulty breathing. HAPE generally happens on the second night, but you should always be on check. Cold conditions increase artery pressure, and increase chances of HAPE.

Symptoms: Breathlessness at rest, fast and shallow breathing, extreme fatigue, cough, sometimes blood in cough, gurgling breaths and dizziness.

Treatments: You cannot treat HAPE at high altitude. You can only reduce the symptoms by giving drugs like Nifidipine ( 8mg). Provide supplementary Oxygen. Victim should be kept warm. Sometime, you might put the victim on Acetazolomide (Diamox) + Nifidipine. Stop any exertion, even while descending. The ultimate course of action is immediate evacuation as soon as possible, even during night if required. The symptoms resolves on descend, but the victim must be taken to hospital for proper management.

Caution should be made not to confuse HAPE with bronchitis, pneumonia or asthma. A HAPE patient will improve on descending. 


 


 

What Is High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) ?
 

HACE is a condition in which brain functions improperly due to the effects of altitude. The pressure in the cerebral membrane increase and the brain swells. It can be very dangerous and sometimes might not give you time to react. 

Symptoms: Loss of cordination ( ataxia), ability to think, change in one's behavior, agressiveness, irritated behavior, confusion.

Treatments: Similarly to that of HAPE, high altitude is not the place to treat HACE. Only solution is to descend, and HACE patients show quick signs of recovery on descending good altitude. Medicines like Dexamethasone ( 8mg) can be given, sometimes along with Acetazolomide ( Diamox) to give you time to work out evacuation, if required even at night.


 


 

How do a human body adapt to high altitude naturally?
 

To our relief, our body is a miracle machine. Acclimatization is the process by which our body adapts to the extreme conditions of High Altitude Hypoxia.

Acclimatization is the process in which an individual body copes up and adjusts to the change in its environment. The various factors of the environment change may be cold, heat, altitude from sea level, atmospheric pressure, etc. It allows the body to remain normal and maintain performance across a range of environmental conditions.

Acclimatization is the only better answer to High Altitude Conditions. We need to acclimatize well to complete a high altitude trek. Our body is designed to acclimatize naturally. 

 

How Do Human Body Acclimatize To High Altitude ? With increase in altitude, the atmospheric pressure decreases which gives more space to the air molecules and the oxygen molecules goes far apart from each other. This results is low oxygen molecule per breath. Our body detects that and responds by increasing in breathe rate ( hypoxia) We call it breathlessness in laymen terms. We try to breathe more to consume more air. On the other hand, the body increases the Hemoglobin count in our blood which are the oxygen carriers to hold more oxygen molecules in our blood. This process thickens our blood and hence our heart now need to pump thicker blood to the extreme organs, which further results in increased blood pressure. So a slight increased blood pressure and pulse rate in the high altitude is normal.

Acclimatization is a process which takes time depending on the individual body. Few acclimatize faster, whereas few take little more time. There are two kinds of acclimatization - Shorter and Longer. Longer acclimatization might take long time. The approximate formula is the altitude in kilometers multiplied by 11.6 days. So to acclimatize for a normal trek that goes up to 4000 meters, it might take 4 X 11.6 = 46 days!!

 

3 rules of Acclimatization

Acclimatization has 3 rules, which if followed, maximum acclimatization can be achieved.

  • Climb High Sleep Low
  • Slow Ascend, Do Not Over Exert 
  • Hydrate Hydrate and Hydrate 

also read 13 Ways to Acclimatize Naturally


 

What is Diamox? How does it help?

Diamox is acetazolomide which aids faster acclimatization. Diamox is a diuretic and helps the kidneys excrete the bicarbonates. As a result of Hypoxia, our body breathes rapidly, which decreases the saturation and partial pressure of CO2 in our body. This increases the pH of our blood and makes it alkaline. It is here where Diamox come into picture and does its work. It is a diuretic and helps remove excess water and salt from the body, making the blood thinner and hence lowering the blood pressure as well. 

Dosage: 125 mg 12 hourly. For very high altitude, 250mg 12 hourly, post meals.

DIAMOX DOES NOT HEAL AMS, IT JUST SPEEDS UP ACCLIMATIZATION. PEOPLE EVEN ON DIAMOX DIE OF HAPE AND HACE.

 

 


 

What is Periodic Breathing?

Periodic breathing is a irregular pattern of breathing that occurs at high altitude, specially during night. The breath might stop for  few seconds and it might create tremendous anxiety preventing you to sleep further. Do not worry, its normal, and betters with proper acclimatization. Diamox helps with periodic breathing, 125 mg before sleep.

Sleeping is very important to you as a better sleep means faster acclimatization and better recovery for the next day


 


 

Does sleeping pills help?

Sleeping pills should not be taken at high altitude. It might throw you into problems at high altitude to AMS. Melatonin is an OTC sleep aid that helps many and has no contraindications at altitude. One prescription sleep aid that has shown NOT to disturb breathing at sleep is zoldipem; you may want to discuss taking this medication with your personal physician. Any other hypnotics/tranquilizers should probably not be used at altitude.?

 


 

 
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    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 5250m
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    • 👍 Best Time: May End - June, Sep - Early October
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    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Garhwali, Himachali
    Treks On Offer
    Kang Yatse 2 Trek
    Kang Yatse 2 Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 12 days/ 12 nights, Leh to Leh
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 6223m
    • 🛑 Grade: Challenging ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: Jul - Oct
    • 🌄 Terrain: Meadows, rocky, snow field
    • 🚩 Starts From: Leh
    • 🚩 Ends In: Leh
    • 🌏 Region: India - Ladakh
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Leh, Kushok Bakula Rimpochee Airport ( IXL)
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Katra, (KEA), Jammu Tawi ( JAT)
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Leh
    • 📶 Mobile Network: BSNL, Jio and Airtel postpaid in Leh, its vicinity and from the summit
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 4g in Leh and summit tops
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -5 to 6 on higher camps
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Tibetan, Ladakhi
    Treks On Offer
    Sandakphu Trek
    Sandakphu Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 7 Days 6 nights, Maneybhanjyang to Sepi via Phalut, Gorkhey
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 3636m
    • 🛑 Grade: Easy ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: Oct - May
    • 🌄 Terrain: Rhododendron forest, Alpine meadows, Mid Altitude Coniferous Forest
    • 🚩 Starts From: Maneybhanjyang
    • 🚩 Ends In: Srikhola
    • 🌏 Region: India - Darjeeling Sikkim
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Bagdogra, West Bengal
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: New Jalpaiguri, West Bengal
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Maneybhanjyang
    • 📶 Mobile Network: Vodafone, Airtel, BSNL in Siliguri, Maneybhanjyang and Srikhola. On the trek trail, Airtel. Vodafone and BSNL works on some locations like Chitre, Tonglu, Kayakatta, Molley and Gorkhey till Srikhola
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 4g in Siliguri, Maneybhanjyang and Srikhola. Limited 2G on the trail. Homestays of Nepal provide WiFi at a small cost of 50 - 100 Rs.
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -5 to 7 during winters. -1 to 10 during summers. Upper reaches are colder. Lower reaches are warm
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Nepalese, Tibetan
    Treks On Offer
    Goechala Trek
    Goechala Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 10 Days, 9 nights Bagdogra to Bagdogra
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 5000m
    • 🛑 Grade: Moderate + ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: Mar - May, Sep - Dec
    • 🌄 Terrain: Rhododendron forest, alpine meadows, rocky
    • 🚩 Starts From: Yuksom
    • 🚩 Ends In: Yuksom
    • 🌏 Region: India - Darjeeling Sikkim
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Bagdogra, West Bengal
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: New Jalpaiguri, West Bengal
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Yuksom
    • 📶 Mobile Network: Vodafone, Airtel, Jio and BSNL till Yuksom. Jio till Tsokha
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 4g in Yuksom
    • 🌞 Temperatures:
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Tibetan, Nepalese
    Treks On Offer
    Phoktey Dara Trek
    Phoktey Dara Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 8 days/ 7 nights Hilley to Sepi
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 3800m
    • 🛑 Grade: Easy ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: Jan - May, Sep - Dec
    • 🌄 Terrain: Rhododendron forest, alpine meadows, rocky
    • 🚩 Starts From: Hilley
    • 🚩 Ends In: Bhareng
    • 🌏 Region: India - Darjeeling Sikkim
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Bagdogra, West Bengal
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: New Jalpaiguri, West Bengal
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Hilley
    • 📶 Mobile Network: Vodafone, Airtel, BSNL, sparsely
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 4g and 3g on trekking roadheads. No signal on trek
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -5 to 7 during winters. -1 to 10 during summers. Upper reaches are colder. Lower reaches are warm
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: No
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Nepalese, Tibetan
    Treks On Offer
    Dzongri La Trek
    Dzongri La Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 8 Days, 7 nights Bagdogra to Bagdogra
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 4170m
    • 🛑 Grade: Moderate ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: Jan - May, Sep - Dec
    • 🌄 Terrain: Rhododendron forest, alpine meadows, rocky
    • 🚩 Starts From: Yuksom
    • 🚩 Ends In: Yuksom
    • 🌏 Region: India - Darjeeling Sikkim
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Bagdogra, West Bengal
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: New Jalpaiguri, West Bengal
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Yuksom
    • 📶 Mobile Network: Vodafone, Airtel, Jio and BSNL till Yuksom. Jio till Tsokha
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 4g in Yuksom
    • 🌞 Temperatures: 5 to -5
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian,Nepalese,Tibetan
    Treks On Offer
    Borasu Pass Trek
    Borasu Pass Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 10 Days, 9 Nights, Sankri to Chitkul
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 5450m
    • 🛑 Grade: Strenuous ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: Mid May, June, Sep, Mid Oct
    • 🌄 Terrain: meadows, moraine, scree, glacier
    • 🚩 Starts From: Sankri
    • 🚩 Ends In: Chitkul
    • 🌏 Region: India - Uttrakhand
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Sankri
    • 📶 Mobile Network: BSNL signals in Sankri. Rare unguaranteed BSNL signals while on trek and pass top
    • 🌐 Internet Option: No
    • 🌞 Temperatures: Campsites are cold and night temperature goes below 0 on higher camps.
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: No
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Neplese
    Treks On Offer
    Buran Ghati Trek
    Buran Ghati Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 7 days, 6 nights Shimla to Shimla
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 4550m
    • 🛑 Grade: Moderate + ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: May June Sep Oct
    • 🌄 Terrain: Meadows, Snow, Forest
    • 🚩 Starts From: Janglik
    • 🚩 Ends In: Barua
    • 🌏 Region: India - Himachal
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Jubbarhatti Airport, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Kalka, Himachal Pradesh
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Janglik
    • 📶 Mobile Network: 3G Airtel in Chirgaon, Janglik and BSNL. Airtel from Munirang and Barua Village
    • 🌐 Internet Option: No
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -2 tp 14 degrees
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: No
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Garhwali, Himachali, Nepali, Indian
    Treks On Offer
    Dhumdhar Kandi Pass Trek
    Dhumdhar Kandi Pass Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 13 Days, Dehadun to Dehradun
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude:
    • 🛑 Grade: Challenging ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: May - Jun, Sep - Oct
    • 🌄 Terrain: Rocky, Glacial Moraine, Glacier Crossing, Crevasses, Snow Field, Hard Ice
    • 🚩 Starts From: Sankri
    • 🚩 Ends In: Uttarkashi
    • 🌏 Region: India - Uttrakhand
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Sankri
    • 📶 Mobile Network: Vodafone till Mori. BSNL till Sankri and Taluka. BSNL, Airtel, Vodafone from Gangnani
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 3G on BSNL till Mori and 2G on Vodafone. Occasional 2G in Sankri.
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -5 to 16 degrees
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: No
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Garhwali, Nepali, Tibetan
    Treks On Offer
    Parang La Trek
    Parang La Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 14 Days, 13 Nights, 9 Trek Days, Manali to Leh
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 5572m
    • 🛑 Grade: Strenuous ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: July, August, September
    • 🌄 Terrain: snow field, ravine, meadow,
    • 🚩 Starts From: Manali
    • 🚩 Ends In: Leh
    • 🌏 Region: India - Himachal
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Bhuntar Airport (KUU), Kullu, Himachal Pradesh
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Chandigarh
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Manali
    • 📶 Mobile Network: All popular mobile networks in Manali and Leh. Limited BSNL in Kaza. None on trek route.
    • 🌐 Internet Option: Not on trek route. Good connections available in Manali, Kaza and Leh on WiFi and all popular mobile networks
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -6 to 20 degrees
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: No
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Nepali, Tibetan
    Treks On Offer
    Kashmir Lakes Trek
    Kashmir Lakes Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 9 Days, Srinagar to Srinagar
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 4180m
    • 🛑 Grade: Moderate ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: July, August, September
    • 🌄 Terrain: Meadows
    • 🚩 Starts From: Shitkadi
    • 🚩 Ends In: Chatragul
    • 🌏 Region: India - Kashmir
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Srinagar
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Katra, (KEA), Jammu Tawi ( JAT)
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Shitkadi
    • 📶 Mobile Network: BSNL, Airtel on pass tops.
    • 🌐 Internet Option: No
    • 🌞 Temperatures:
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: No
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Kashmiri
    Treks On Offer
    Pangarchula Peak Trek
    Pangarchula Peak Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 7 days/ 6 nights, Joshimath to Joshimath
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 4575m
    • 🛑 Grade: Moderate + ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: May June, Sep Oct Nov, Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr
    • 🌄 Terrain: Meadows, forest , snow field
    • 🚩 Starts From: Joshimath
    • 🚩 Ends In: Joshimath
    • 🌏 Region: India - Uttrakhand
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Jolly Grant Airport, Dehraoon, Uttrakhand
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Rishikesh, Uttrakhand
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Joshimath
    • 📶 Mobile Network: A;l major network untill Joshimath. Partially available ion trek.
    • 🌐 Internet Option: None after Joshimath
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -10 to 8 degrees in the winters. 5 - 18 degrees in the summers
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Garhwali
    Treks On Offer
    Sandakphu 4 Day Trek
    Sandakphu 4 Day Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 4 nights, 4 Trek Days, Maneybhanjyang to Sepi
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 3636m
    • 🛑 Grade: Easy ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: Jan - May, Oct - Dec
    • 🌄 Terrain: Rhododendron forest, alpine meadows, rocky
    • 🚩 Starts From: Maneybhanjyang
    • 🚩 Ends In: Srikhola
    • 🌏 Region: India - Darjeeling Sikkim
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Bagdogra, West Bengal
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: New Jalpaiguri, West Bengal
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Maneybhanjyang
    • 📶 Mobile Network: Vodafone, Airtel, BSNL in Entry and Exit points and its vicinity. Rare signals on trek. Ask your guide for better locations for signals.
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 3g in Siliguri, 2g in Maneybhanjyang, Bhareng, Gorkhey and onwards.
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -5 to 7 during winters. -1 to 10 during summers. Upper reaches are colder. Lower reaches are warm
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Nepalese, Tibetan
    Treks On Offer
    Nag Tibba Trek
    Nag Tibba Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 2 Days, Dehradoon to Dehradoon
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 3000m
    • 🛑 Grade: Easy ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: Jan - Jun, Sep - Dec
    • 🌄 Terrain: forest, meadow, snow in winters
    • 🚩 Starts From: Pantwari
    • 🚩 Ends In: Pantwari
    • 🌏 Region: India - Uttrakhand
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Pantwari
    • 📶 Mobile Network: BSNL
    • 🌐 Internet Option: No
    • 🌞 Temperatures:
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: No
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Garhwali
    Treks On Offer
    Tarsar Marsar Sundarsar Trek
    Tarsar Marsar Sundarsar Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 7 Days, Srinagar to Srinagar
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 4000m
    • 🛑 Grade: Moderate ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: July to October mid
    • 🌄 Terrain: Alpine Meadows, forest
    • 🚩 Starts From: Aru
    • 🚩 Ends In: Sumbal
    • 🌏 Region: India - Kashmir
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Srinagar
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Katra, (KEA), Jammu Tawi ( JAT)
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Aru
    • 📶 Mobile Network: Postpaid BSNL, Airtel and Vodafone. Sparsely on treks
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 2G near towns, 3G in Srinagar
    • 🌞 Temperatures:
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: No
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Kashmiri
    Treks On Offer
    Kang Yatse 1
    Kang Yatse 1
    • 📅 Duration: 12 Days, Leh to Leh
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 6401m
    • 🛑 Grade: Challenging + ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: Jul, Aug, Sep
    • 🌄 Terrain: Meadows, rocky, scree, hard ice, soft snow, broken ridge
    • 🚩 Starts From: Leh
    • 🚩 Ends In: Leh
    • 🌏 Region: India - Ladakh
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Leh, Kushok Bakula Rimpochee Airport ( IXL)
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Katra, (KEA), Jammu Tawi ( JAT)
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Leh
    • 📶 Mobile Network: BSNL postpaid in Leh and vicinity and from the summit
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 4g in Leh and vicinity
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -10 to 10 on higher camps
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Tibetan, Ladakhi
    Treks On Offer
    Annapurna Base Camp Trek
    Annapurna Base Camp Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 9 Days, Pokhara to Pokhara
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 4140m
    • 🛑 Grade: Moderate + ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: Mar, Apr, May, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec
    • 🌄 Terrain: Forest, Meadows, Rocky, Scree, Glacial Moraine
    • 🚩 Starts From: Pokhara
    • 🚩 Ends In: Pokhara
    • 🌏 Region: Nepal - Annapurna
    • 🎌 Country: Nepal
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Pokhara Airport, Nepal
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Jainagar or Gorakhpur or New Jalpaiguri, India
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Pokhara
    • 📶 Mobile Network: NCell, NTC
    • 🌐 Internet Option: Available
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -5 to 15
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Nepali, Tibetan
    Treks On Offer
    Kang Yatse 1 and 2 Climbing Expedition
    Kang Yatse 1 and 2 Climbing Expedition
    • 📅 Duration: 16 Days, Leh to Leh
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 6401m
    • 🛑 Grade: Challenging + ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: June, July, Aug, Sep, Oct
    • 🌄 Terrain: Meadows, rocky, scree, hard ice, soft snow, broken ridge
    • 🚩 Starts From: Leh
    • 🚩 Ends In: Leh
    • 🌏 Region: India - Ladakh
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Leh, Kushok Bakula Rimpochee Airport ( IXL)
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Katra, (KEA), Jammu Tawi ( JAT)
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Leh
    • 📶 Mobile Network: BSNL and Airtel postpaid in Leh and vicinity and from the summit
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 4g in Leh on BSNL and Airtel. 4G in Airtel on high points
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -10 to 10 on higher camps
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Tibetan, Ladakhi
    Treks On Offer
    Kalanag Climbing Expedition
    Kalanag Climbing Expedition
    • 📅 Duration: 18 days/ 17 nights, Sankri to Sankri
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 6387m
    • 🛑 Grade: Challenging + ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: May - Jun, Sep - Oct
    • 🌄 Terrain: Rocky, Glacial Moraine, Glacier Crossing, Crevasses, Snow Field, Hard Ice
    • 🚩 Starts From: Sankri
    • 🚩 Ends In: Sankri
    • 🌏 Region: India - Uttrakhand
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Sankri
    • 📶 Mobile Network: Vodafone till Mori. BSNL till Sankri and Taluka
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 3G on BSNL till Mori and 2G on Vodafone. Occasional 2G in Sankri
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -10 to 16 degrees
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Garhwali, Nepali, Tibetan
    Treks On Offer
    Kedarkantha & Har Ki Dun Circuit Trek
    Kedarkantha & Har Ki Dun Circuit Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 12 Days, 11 Nights, Sankri to Sankri
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 4126m
    • 🛑 Grade: Moderate + ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: April. May, June, Sep, Oct, Nov
    • 🌄 Terrain: Alpine Meadows, Rhododendron forests
    • 🚩 Starts From: Sankri
    • 🚩 Ends In: Sankri
    • 🌏 Region: India - Uttrakhand
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Sankri
    • 📶 Mobile Network: Vodafone till Mori. BSNL till Sankri and higher points
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 3G on BSNL till Mori and 2G on Vodafone. Occasional 2G in Sankri
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -10 to 10 during winters, 2 to 15 in summers
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Garhwali, Nepali, Tibetan and South Indian
    Treks On Offer
    Kalanag Base Camp Trek
    Kalanag Base Camp Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 11 Days, 10 Nights Sankri to Sankri
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 4800m
    • 🛑 Grade: Moderate + ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: May - Jun, Sep - Oct
    • 🌄 Terrain: Meadows, Forest, Rocky, Glacial Moraine
    • 🚩 Starts From: Sankri
    • 🚩 Ends In: Sankri
    • 🌏 Region: India - Uttrakhand
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Sankri
    • 📶 Mobile Network: Vodafone till Mori. BSNL till Sankri and Taluka
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 3G on BSNL till Mori and 2G on Vodafone. Occasional 2G in Sankri
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -10 to 16 degrees
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: India, Garhwali, Nepali
    Treks On Offer
    Kedarkantha Short Hardcore Trek
    Kedarkantha Short Hardcore Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 3 nights, 2 Trek Days, Sankri to Sankri
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 3800m
    • 🛑 Grade: Moderate ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: Dec, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr
    • 🌄 Terrain: Meadows, forest , snow in winter
    • 🚩 Starts From: Sankri
    • 🚩 Ends In: Sankri
    • 🌏 Region: India - Uttrakhand
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Sankri
    • 📶 Mobile Network: Vodafone till Mori. BSNL till Sankri and Summit
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 3G on BSNL till Mori and 2G on Vodafone. Occasional 2G in Sankri
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -10 to 10 during winters, 2 to 15 in summers
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Garhwali, Nepali, Tibetan and South Indian
    Treks On Offer
    Sandakphu In Land Rover
    Sandakphu In Land Rover
    • 📅 Duration: 4 Days, 3 Nights
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 3636m
    • 🛑 Grade: Easy ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: Jan - May, Sep - Dec
    • 🌄 Terrain: Rhododendron forest, alpine meadows
    • 🚩 Starts From: Maneybhanjyang
    • 🚩 Ends In: Maneybhanjyang
    • 🌏 Region: India - Darjeeling Sikkim
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Bagdogra, West Bengal
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: New Jalpaiguri, West Bengal
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Maneybhanjyang
    • 📶 Mobile Network: Vodafone, Airtel, BSNL in Siliguri, Maneybhanjyang and Srikhola. On the trek trail, Vodafone and BSNL works on some locations like Chitre, Tonglu, Kayakatta, Molley.
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 4g in Siliguri, Maneybhanjyang and Srikhola. Limited 2G on the trail. Almost None.
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -5 to 7 during winters. -1 to 10 during summers. Upper reaches are colder. Lower reaches are warm
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Nepalese, Tibetan
    Treks On Offer
    Har Ki Dun Ruinsara Tal Trek
    Har Ki Dun Ruinsara Tal Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 9 Days, 8 nights, Sankri to Sankri
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 4200m
    • 🛑 Grade: Moderate ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec
    • 🌄 Terrain: Meadows, forest , snow
    • 🚩 Starts From: Sankri
    • 🚩 Ends In: Sankri
    • 🌏 Region: India - Uttrakhand
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Sankri
    • 📶 Mobile Network: BSNL & Vodafone
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 4G till Purola. 3g Till Mori. No Internet Sankri Onwards
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -3 to 15 deg C
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Garhwali, Himachali
    Treks On Offer
    Har Ki Dun 4 Day Trek
    Har Ki Dun 4 Day Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 5 days, 4 nights including 2 nights at Sankri
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 3600m
    • 🛑 Grade: Moderate + ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec
    • 🌄 Terrain: Meadows, Conifer Forest, Snow, River valley, Lakes
    • 🚩 Starts From: Sankri
    • 🚩 Ends In: Sankri
    • 🌏 Region: India - Uttrakhand
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: Dehradun, Uttrakhand
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Sankri
    • 📶 Mobile Network: BSNL, Vodafone at Sankri, Jio in Mori
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 4G till Mori. No Internet at Sankri.
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -3 to 15 deg Celsius
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Garhwali, Himachali
    Treks On Offer
    Phalut Trek
    Phalut Trek
    • 📅 Duration: 5 Days 4 nights, Sepi to Sepi
    • 🔼 Highest Altitude: 3600m
    • 🛑 Grade: Easy ( know trek grades )
    • 👍 Best Time: Oct - May
    • 🌄 Terrain: Rhododendron forest, Alpine meadows, Mid Altitude Coniferous Forest
    • 🚩 Starts From: Srikhola
    • 🚩 Ends In: Srikhola
    • 🌏 Region: India - Darjeeling Sikkim
    • 🎌 Country: India
    • 🛪 Nearest Airport: Bagdogra, West Bengal
    • 🚉 Nearest Rail Head: New Jalpaiguri, West Bengal
    • 🙏 Travel Guide: Where and How To Reach Srikhola
    • 📶 Mobile Network: Vodafone, Airtel, BSNL in Siliguri, Srikhola. On the trek trail, Airtel. Vodafone and BSNL works on some locations
    • 🌐 Internet Option: 4G in Sepi. No internet in other locations
    • 🌞 Temperatures: -5 to 7 during winters. -1 to 16 during summers
    • 🔒 Is Cloak Room Available: Yes
    • 🍵 Generic Food Menu: Indian, Nepalese, Tibetan
    Treks On Offer
View User Profile for Suman

Every day I keep learning new things, but as of now, I think I can describe myself as a Loyal Himalayan Lover, Avid Trekker, Student Of Mountaineering, Amateur Photographer and an Enthusiastic Anthropologist. I am a Computer Science Engineer by education and previously worked as a Software Developer for premium IT companies. However, I quit the luxury of a high-earning corporate job and left behind the herd to walk towards the spiritual path laid down by the Godly Himalayas. At the age of 27 with no savings at all and being the only son from a lower-middle-class family, it was too young to fight against the family who in turn had to fight against the rules laid down by society. However, with my determination and perseverance, everything became smooth by passing time.

It wasn't easy for me as I learnt the hard way from mistakes - my own and by observing others. I fought 2 major road accidents that broke my right tibia and femur. I underwent 7 surgeries that kept me away from the mountains, but I patiently fought them all to get back to trekking again in the Himalayas with rods and plates in my bones. Despite doctors saying I cannot walk properly ever again to getting back to trekking on the difficult routes again, Life made me understand very clearly what it wants out of me in this World. It wants me to serve the Himalayas and its community, live a peaceful, content and simple life. That's what I have dedicated my this life to. I am not religious, but spiritual. The Himalayas define my road.

The Himalayas today is spammed by mushrooming trek agencies and big companies who take pride in being India's Largest, biggest, oldest, etc. They are exploiting everything for the sake of profit. It is in dire need of regulation by credible Government authorities, Sustainable Tourism Practices needs to be forced upon every organisation, Small Group Sizes needs to be mandated, Fixed camping should be restricted in alpine zones and Negative Ecological Impact Trekking Protocols should be laid down immediately by governing bodies. With all these objectives, I founded Himalayan High in the year 2015. Learn more about Himalayan High on About Himalayan High

Posted by Suman Chowdhury Thursday, April 7, 2016 3:17:00 AM